CALIFORNIA BUSH SUNFLOWER

Encelia californica

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Plant Description

Category: shrub

Origin: Coastal bluffs, coastal sage scrub in California

Evergreen: semi-deciduous

Height: 3 to 5 feet

Width: 3 to 5 feet

Flower color: 2 inch golden yellow sunflowers that have chocolate brown centers

Bloomtime: Winter/Spring

Exposure: Full sun

Drought Tolerant: yes

Irrigation: Low water needs

Other names: California Brittlebush, California Encelia

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Encelia californica is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family known by the common name California Brittlebush. Like other sunflowers, bees, butterflies and insects are attracted to the plant's blossoms. It is used on hillsides and slopes after a disturbance such as fire or soil removal. It is a fast growing plant with tenacious roots and its dense cloak of evergreen leaves deflects

the impact of even hard winter rains which helps prevent erosion. 

Resin from the stems of brittlebush was chewed by Indigenous people as a treatment for many body aches. In Baja California the resin is burned in churches as incense, the origin of its alternate common name (Incienso.) Its leaves contain a chemical that washes into soil and prevents growth of many other plants. Grows in almost any type of soil.

For Additional Information About this Plant

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