CALIFORNIA BUSH SUNFLOWER
Origin: Coastal bluffs, coastal sage scrub in California
Height: 3 to 5 feet
Width: 3 to 5 feet
Flower color: 2 inch golden yellow sunflowers that have chocolate brown centers
Exposure: Full sun
Drought Tolerant: yes
Irrigation: Low water needs
Other names: California Brittlebush, California Encelia
Encelia californica is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family known by the common name California Brittlebush. Like other sunflowers, bees, butterflies and insects are attracted to the plant's blossoms. It is used on hillsides and slopes after a disturbance such as fire or soil removal. It is a fast growing plant with tenacious roots and its dense cloak of evergreen leaves deflects
the impact of even hard winter rains which helps prevent erosion.
Resin from the stems of brittlebush was chewed by Indigenous people as a treatment for many body aches. In Baja California the resin is burned in churches as incense, the origin of its alternate common name (Incienso.) Its leaves contain a chemical that washes into soil and prevents growth of many other plants. Grows in almost any type of soil.